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CruisingWiki

Symbian based smartphones and EAP-TTLS PAP

A number of people have written asking about errors connecting their brand new Nokia smartphones to their University WLAN.

If your University uses Eduroam then it will use a type of EAP (Extended access protocol) called EAP-TTLS PAP. other types of EAP are EAP-PEAP and EAP-MSCHAPv2 .

This is a problem with Symbian S60 phones including Nokia – they dont support the EAP-TTLS PAP protocol.

Another reason that I decided to get a Windows Mobile 6 Pro phone.

There is even a petition to try and force Nokia to support this protocol..
http://www.petitiononline.com/NokiaPAP/

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Connecting a Smartphone (WM6) to Vista

Test Rig:
Laptop: Acer 5022WLMi + Windows Vista Ultimate
Phone: Samsung i780 + Windows Mobile6 Pro

1. DONGLE

Start with checking that your Bluetooth connection is the latest version.

This is critical if you are running Windows Vista on your laptop, but not as important if you are running Windows XP. If you are running Windows XP then click here for advice on how to deal with XP as opposed to Vista.

The Acer laptop I use does not have built in Bluetooth, and I am running Windows Vista, so the first step was to buy a Bluetooth dongle. The one I selected was the Anycom USB200, which I bought on Amazon.
This dongle has:
o USB 2.0
o Data transmission up to 3Mb/s
o Class 2 (20 m / 66 feet range)
o Vista approved drivers

Follow the instructions and install the drivers and then the dongle.
o DO NOT believe any prompts from VISTA to “connect your hardware”
o FINISH the drivers install first – then REBOOT the laptop – then ATTACH the dongle.

This is critical if your are using Vista – if you are using XP the install will work normally…
– remember software first – then reboot – then attach the dongle

2. PHONE
In the Bluetooth settings on the Samsung i780, you will see a dialogue box with 4 tabs (Devices-Mode-COM ports-FTP) – all phones/PDA’s with Bluetooth will have similar options – somewhere! – even if they are running Symbian rather than Windows Mobile6.
MODE
– Set Bluetooth ON
– make the device VISIBLE to others
FTP – Tick all the following boxes
o Bluetooth authentication
o File transfer authentication
o Able to write
o Shared folder = \My Documents

Now select Internet Sharing and you will see two drop down boxes:
o PC Connection – Set this to “Bluetooth PAN”
o Internet connection – Set this to the internet connection from your mobile supplier. So for example, this setting is set to “Orange Internet” on my phone.

Now select “Connect” and you should be given a confirmation that the process has succeeded..

“Device setup finished. On the PC connect Bluetooth PAN”

So this is showing that you “connect” the phone to a PAN (personal area network) first before connecting the laptop to the phone….

3. LAPTOP
Assuming your Bluetooth dongle is installed and setup correctly on your laptop, you should see the Bluetooth icon in your task bar.

Right click on the icon and select “Join a Personal Area Network”

You should see a box that displays your phone as an icon and also confirmation that it is acting as…
o Network Access Point
o Bluetooth NAP Service

….Click on Connect

You should now see the network icon in you task bar jump into life …
– hover over the icon and it should display the name of the network (PAN) it is connected to and show that access is “local and internet”

Launch your browser or email client – you should be able to access the internet at about 1Mb/s

… in the London area this may even exceed 2Mb/sec – that’s higher than some people get on their wired broadband after contention with everyone else sharing the line!…but for our purposes I am assuming you are in a less well served marina or along the coast somewhere.

While you are browsing the phone can still receive calls and SMS text messages and will operate as normal. I have found that certain operations disrupt internet sharing such as having an alarm set in my diary which goes off – this seems to stop the phone doing anything until the alarm is cleared.

If you are going to browse the internet for a while – say 15 mins or more I would advise plugging the phone power charger in to keep the batteries topped up – Bluetooth is very draining on the phone’s battery.

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Which phone for your boat?

If you havn’t bought a phone yet then I highly recommend that you buy a phone using Windows Mobile6 Professional – sorry for those that have already got a phone with a previous version

My minimum spec list for a good smart phone is:

1. Bluetooth
2. 3G
3. WM6 Professional (version 6 or later )
4. WiFi
5. GPS
6. Touchscreen (for experimenting with maps and GPS!)

For a list of phones that have this spec click here. (0ver 50 models in the UK at the present time…)

Strictly speaking :

  • Windows Mobile for Pocket PC is now Windows Mobile 6 Classic
  • Windows Mobile for Pocket PC Phone Edition is now Windows Mobile 6 Professional
  • Windows Mobile for Smartphone is now Windows Mobile Standard

So my test rig phone – the Samsung i780 – is a “Pocket PC” rather than a smartphone, according to Microsoft …

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Laptop with no moving parts?

You might think I am going off the point by talking about computers but they are really going to be a force to be reckoned with in the future. The marine electronics industry is going to have to withstand quite an assault on the high priced chart plotters and peripheral equipment that they are used to supplying, and the laptop I am referring to here is an early example of what is to come. As is the HTC 7501 I referred to before.

Toshiba have also launched a new Portege R500 Model utilising the latest 64GB SSDPortegeR500 (Solid State Drive). The new Portege R500-10U is the lightest 12″ notebook in the world at 779g. (less than 2lbs !)

The benefits of the SSD and its appropriateness for marine use are very evident and include:

1. No moving parts – Extremely high reliability

2. Extremely robust – Less likely to be damaged or for data to fail

3. Less heat – No moving parts means the drive will operate without generating more heat

4. Power Efficiency – Again no moving parts means that the system uses a lot less power to operate – increasing the battery life of the notebook

5. Faster Access Times – The solid state nature of the drive also offers much quicker access time to the data enhancing the performance of the notebook

The use of solid state storage instead of moving hard discs si interesting. We are all used to this already with our cameras, pda and phones all using some type of solid stage storage and some as much as 4Gb in very small storage cards indeed.

See this review and video of the the new Portege 500

The market for flash-based solid state disk drives which act as drop-in replacements for traditional hard drives used in mobile and portable devices is also heating up. Samsung has announced that it plans to ship a 64 GB solid state drive in the second quarter of this 2007.

SanDisk has also announced a 32 GB flash drive, and Fujitsu is announcing solid state drives as an option in selected LifeBook portable computers.

Not only is the capacity of solid state drives increasing, performance is as well. Samsung claims the respective read and write performance on its drive has been increased by 20 and 60 percent: the 64 GB unit can read 64 MB/S, write 45 MB/s, and consumes just half a Watt when operating (one tenth of a Watt when idle).

In comparison, an 80 GB 1.8-inch hard drive reads at 15 MB/s, writes at 7 MB/s, and eats 1.5 Watts either operating or when idle.

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Hyperterminal no longer free with Windows Vista

Anyone who has recently bought a laptop or PC with Vista on it may have discovered that there is no Hyperterminal software.

You may also realise that this useful bit of software is needed to update configurations on marine electronics like multiplexers.

Not to worry..Microsoft only bought the software from Hilgraeve any way and you can go and download the real thing from their site…

An alternative piece of software is Poderosa which is open source and therefore free software.

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